What is it?
Tendonitis is an
inflammation of the tendons. It is commonly seen in athletes subsequent to
specific periods of activity. It is classified as an over use injury which
suggests that repetitive injury or damage is the true culprit as opposed to
an acute injury. This however, is an acceptable theory, which helps the
practitioner to understand the problem, and is not necessarily the reality
in each case. The symptoms of a tendonitis problem include localized pain,
swelling and a frequent reduction in range of motion that may develop
gradually or appear suddenly.
What causes it?
A tendonitis is usually
caused when an excess stress has been applied to a tendon on a repetitive
basis over a period of time. It can be caused by over use of a particular
muscle or from abnormal foot mechanics. It is most commonly seen in the
Achilles tendon which is the long thick band running down the back of one's
leg and attaches to the heel.
How do you treat them?
A treatment for a tendonitis problem includes rest, compression, ice and
elevation. These therapeutic measures will serve to reduce the inflammation
and pain. Anti-inflammatory medications may also help to decrease the
discomfort and may be used before or after exercise. The prevention of a
tendonitis includes proper warm up exercises and stretching. Proper shoe
gear should be worn along with a modification in one's training habits. A
device called an orthotic that can alter the biomechanics of the foot may
also help prevent and treat tendonitis problems particularly if they are of
the chronic type. It is important to not neglect or ignore professional
treatment for these problems since prolonged abuse and damage can possibly
result in stress fractures, tendon ruptures and lengthy periods of
disability. A localized tendonitis is one of your body's warning signs that
should be immediately addressed.